Prevention and Early Intervention
Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) for older adults is a program designed to provide short-term mental health treatment to older adults in order to help them manage mild to moderate mental health difficulties, prevent these problems from getting worse, and enhance their quality of life.
- PEI treatment consists of seven evidence-based practices (EBP). These EBPs are interventions that have been shown to be effective at reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety.
- There are seven EBPs that are available to older adults; these include CORS, PST, PEARLS, IPT, SS, Group CBT and Individual CBT.
Crisis-Oriented Recovery Services (CORS)
This short-term therapy aims to provide coping skills to individuals to manage stress that come from life crises and help them return to their previous or higher level of functioning. It is designed for individuals who have experienced an event that has disrupted a person’s usual equilibrium.
Problem Solving Therapy (PST)
The goals of this intervention is to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety by increasing the individual’s understanding of the link between their symptoms and current problems in living, and teach clients a specific structured problem-solving approach that they can use throughout their lives.
Program to Encourage Rewarding Lives for Seniors (PEARLS)
This program provides skills to older adults with chronic illness in their homes in order to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. This program takes a team-based approach, and involves coordinating with a psychiatrist for medication management and a case manager if required.
Individual Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
This therapy, conducted in an individual format, aims to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety with a variety of treatment strategies including psycho-education, skills acquisition, contingency management, Socratic questioning, behavioral activation, exposure, cognitive modification, acceptance and mindfulness strategies and behavioral rehearsal.
Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
This individual therapy aims to reduce individuals’ symptoms of depression and anxiety by using a wide variety of treatment strategies including psycho-education, skills acquisition, contingency management, Socratic questioning, behavioral activation, exposure, cognitive modification, acceptance and mindfulness strategies and behavioral rehearsal.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
The goal of IPT is to assist individuals reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, to improve the quality of interpersonal relationships and to increase social support. At least one of the following problem areas are identified for the client: grief and loss, role transitions, and interpersonal disputes. Problem-solving and brain-storming is used to arrive at solutions to identified problems.
Seeking Safety (SS)
The goal of SS is to assist individuals develop safe coping skills to reduce anxiety symptoms related to their experience of trauma and substance use, and to increase access to community resources. SS utilizes cognitive, behavioral and interpersonal techniques as well as case management to achieve goals.
Who is eligible to receive these services?
Older adults aged 60+ years old that have minor symptoms of depression and/or anxiety that are interfering with their daily functioning. Specifically, early intervention services are directed toward individuals and families for whom a short-term (usually less than one year), relatively low-intensity intervention is appropriate to measurably improve a mental health situation early in its manifestation.
To locate a provider near you, please double click on OA Provider List.